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  • Base currency: The first currency in the currency pair is called the base currency. In AED/USD, the United Arab Emirates Dirham is the base
  • Variable/quote currency: The second currency in the quoted pair is called the variable currency. In the previous example, USD is the variable currency.
  • Bid: The highest price a buyer is ready to pay is called the bid. This price occurs to the left of the quote and usually red in colour.
  • Ask: The ask represents the lowest price a seller is ready to accept. You will see this on the right and often in blue when you are looking to buy a pair.
  • Spread: The difference between the bid and the ask price is called its spread. This represents actual spread in the market and additional spread
    added by the broker.
  • Pips/points: Whenever there is a one digit move in the fourth decimal place, it’s called a pip. If AED/USD moves from 0.2701 to 0.2702, that .0001 USD
    rise in value is one pip.
  • Leverage: Leverage allows traders to put up a fraction of the full value to control larger positions with a small amount of capital. It amplifies your profits AND losses.
  • Margin: The amount of money needed to open a leveraged position is called Margin. It is the difference between the funds being lent by the broker and the full value of position.
  • Margin call: A margin call occurs when the value of an investors margin account falls below a specified level. When the total capital deposited, plus or minus any profits or losses, dips below a certain point (margin requirement).
  • Liquidity: When a currency pair can be easily bought and sold because of high number of people trading them, it’s said to be liquidity.